Luis Antonio López

Department of Economics and Finance – GEAR Research Group

Address: Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha.

Postal Address: Plaza de la Universidad, 1, CP: 02071, Albacete, Spain. Phone: +34926053365
Room: 3.01


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Research Areas:

  • Input-Output Analysis
  • MRIO
  • Environmental Economics
  • Energy Economics
  • IO-LCA
  • Environmental and Energy Policy Modelling
  • International Trade
  • Offshoring
  • Environmental Impact from International Freight Transport.

Scientific Publications:

  • Córcoles, C., López, L. A., Osorio, P. y Zafrilla, J. (2024). The carbon footprint of the empty Castilla-La Mancha. Energy Policy, 184, 113892. doi:
  • López, L.-A., Arce, G., Cadarso, M.-Á., Ortiz, M., Zafrilla, J. (2023) The global dissemination to multinationals of the carbon emissions ruling on Shell. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics. In Press. LINK
  • Ortiz, M., Cadarso, M.-Á., López, L.-A., Jiang, X., 2022. The trade-off between the economic and environmental footprints of multinationals’ foreign affiliates. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 62, 85-97. LINK
  • Jiang, X., López, L.-A., Cadarso, M.-Á., Ortiz, M., 2022. The emissions responsibility accounting of multinational enterprises for an efficient climate policy. Global Environmental Change 75, 102545. LINK
  • López, L.-A., Tobarra, M.-A., Cadarso, M.-Á., Gómez, N. y Cazcarro, I. (2022). Eating local and in-season fruits and vegetables: Carbon-water-employment trade-offs and synergies. Ecological Economics, 192, 107270. doi: LINK
  • Cadarso, M.Á., Gilles, E., López, L.A., Ortiz, M., 2021. Comercio e integración en el mundo post-COVID-19: Oportunidades y desafíos para América Latina y el Caribe. Revista Integración & Comercio Año 25. LINK
  • Cazcarro, I., García-Gusano, D., Iribarren, D., Linares, P., Romero, J. C., Arocena, P., . . . Cadarso, M.-Á. (2022). Energy-socio-economic-environmental modelling for the EU energy and post-COVID-19 transitions. Science of The Total Environment, 805, 150329. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150329
  • Ortiz, M., Cadarso, M.-Á., & López, L.-A. The carbon footprint of foreign multinationals within the European Union. Journal of Industrial Ecology: In Press. doi:10.1111/jiec.13017 LINK
  • Tomás, M., López, L. A., & Monsalve, F. (2020). Carbon footprint, municipality size and rurality in Spain: Inequality and carbon taxation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 266, 121798. doi: LINK
  • López, L., Cadarso, M., & Ortiz, M. (2020). La huella de carbono del comercio internacional español. ICE, Revista De Economía, 913. LINK
  • Ortiz, M., López, L.A., Cadarso, M.A. (2020) “EU carbon emissions by multinational enterprises under control-based accounting”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling 163, 105104. LINK
  • López, L. A., Arce, G., & Jiang, X. (2020). Mapping China’s flows of emissions in the world’s carbon footprint: A network approach of production layers. Energy Economics, 87, 104739. doi: LINK
  • Monsalve, F., Ortiz, M., Cadarso, M.-Á., Gilles, E., Zafrilla, J., & López, L.-A. (2020). Nesting a city input–output table in a multiregional framework: a case example with the city of Bogota. [journal article]. Journal of Economic Structures, 9(1), 8. LINK
  • Zafrilla, J.-E., Arce, G., Cadarso, M.-Á., Córcoles, C., Gómez, N., López, L.-A., Monsalve, F., Tobarra, M.-Á., 2019. Triple bottom line analysis of the Spanish solar photovoltaic sector: A footprint assessment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 114, 109311. LINK
  • López, L.-A., Cadarso, M.-Á., Zafrilla, J., Arce, G., 2019. The carbon footprint of the U.S. multinationals’ foreign affiliates. Nature Communications 10, 1672. LINK
  • López, L.A., Arce, G., Serrano, M. 2019. Extreme Inequality and Carbon Footprint of Spanish Households. In Carbon Footprints: Case Studies from the Building, Household, and Agricultural Sectors. LINK
  • López, L.A., Arce, G., Kronenberg, T. and Rodrigues, J. (2018). Trade from resource-rich countries avoids the existence of a global pollution haven hypothesis. Journal of Cleaner Production. Vol. 175, pp. 599-611. LINK
  • Tobarra, M. A., López, L. A., Cadarso, M. A., Gómez, N., & Cazcarro, I. (2018). Is Seasonal Households’ Consumption Good for the Nexus Carbon/Water Footprint? The Spanish Fruits and Vegetables Case. Environmental Science & Technology, 52(21), 12066-12077 LINK
  • Jiang, X, Guan, D. and López, L.A. 2018. The global CO2 emission cost of geographic shifts in international sourcing. Energy Economics, 73, 122-134. LINK
  • López, L. A., J. Zafrilla, and S. Álvarez. 2017. Volumen 6: La huella de carbono y el análisis input-output. Edited by AENOR. Vol. 6, Huella de Carbono. Madrid: Asociaicón Española de Normalización y Certificación (AENOR) LINK
  • Zafrilla, J. and L. A. López. 2017. Booming and Stagnation of Spanish Construction Sector Through the Extended Carbon Footprint Concept. In Environmental Carbon Footprints. Industrial Cases, edited by S. Muthu: Butterworth-Heinemann (Elsevier) LINK
  • Arce, G., L. A. López, M. Á. Cadarso, and N. Gómez. 2017. Carbon leakage risk criteria to strengthen the effectiveness of INDCs. In Environmental and Economic Impacts of Decarbonization. Input-Output Studies on the Consequences of the 2015 Paris Agreements, edited by O. Dejuán, et al.: Routledge -Taylor&Francis Group- LINK
  • Arce, G., J. E. Zafrilla, L. A. López, and M. Á. Tobarra. (2017). Carbon footprint of human settlements in Spain. In Carbon Footprint and the Industrial Lifecycle – From Urban Planning to Recycling, edited by R. Álvarez, et al. LINK
  • López, L.A., Arce, G., Morenate, M. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2017): “How does income redistribution affect households’ material footprint?”, Journal of Cleaner Production, in press DOI:, LINK
  • Domingos, T., Zafrilla, J.E. and López, L.A. (2016): “Consistency of technology-adjusted consumption-based accounting”, Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 8, pages 729-730 LINK
  • López, L.A., Arce, G., Morenate, M. and Monsalve, F. (2016): “Assessing the Inequality of Spanish Households through the Carbon Footprint: The 21st Century Great Recession Effect”, Journal of Industrial Ecology (JIE), (Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 571–581). DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12466
  • Arce, G., López, L.A. and Guan, D. (2016): “Carbon emissions embodied in international trade: The post-China era”, Applied Energy (APEN), in press
  • Cadarso, M.A., Gómez, N., López, L.A. and Tobarra, M.A. (2016): “Calculating tourism’s carbon footprint: measuring the impact of investments”, Journal of Cleaner Production (Vol. 111, part B, pp. 529–537). DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.09.019
  • Cadarso, M.Á., Gómez, N., López, L.A., Tobarra, M.A. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2015): “Quantifying Spanish tourism’s carbon footprint: the contributions of residents and visitors. A longitudinal study”, Journal of Sustainable Tourism (Vol. 23 (6), pp. 922-946), DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2015.1008497
  • López, L.A., Cadarso, M.A., Gómez, N. and Tobarra, M.A. (2015): “Food miles, carbon footprint and global value chains for Spanish agriculture: assessing the impact of a carbon border tax”, Journal of Cleaner Production (Vol. 103, pp. 423–436).   DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.039
  • López, L.A., Domingos, T., Cadarso, M.Á., Zafrilla, J.E. (2014): “The smarter, the cleaner? Collaborative footprint: A further look at taxi sharing”, Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences (PNAS),  Dec 23;111(51). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1420242112
  • López, L.A., Cadarso, M.A., Zafrilla, J.E. and Arce, G. (2014): “Assessing the implication on air pollution of an alternative control-based criterion”, Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences (PNAS), June, 4, 2014. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406948111
  • López, L.A., Arce, G. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2014): “China, refugio de emisiones de España”, Investigación y Ciencia sección Panorama, número 451, mes de abril
  • López, L.-A., Arce, G. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2014): “Financial Crisis, Virtual Carbon in Global Value Chains, and the Importance of Linkage Effects. The Spain–China Case”, Environmental Science & Technology (Vol. 48, pp. 36-44): American Chemical Society
  • Gómez, N., Tobarra, M.Á. and López, L.A. (2014). “Employment opportunities in Spain: Gender differences by education and ICT usage.” Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 14(3), pages 105-130. LINK
  • López, L.A., Arce, G. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2013): “Parcelling virtual carbon in the pollution haven hypothesis”, Energy Economics, vol. 39, pages 177-186
  • Dejuán, O., López, L.A., Tobarra, M.A. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2013): “A Post-Keynesian Energy AGE Model to Forecast Energy Demand in Spain”, Economic Systems Research, vol. 25, issue 3, pages 321-340
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2012): “International Trade and Shared Environmental Responsibility by Sector. An Application to the Spanish Economy”, Ecological Economics, vol. 83, pp. 221-235
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2012): “Offshoring components and their effect on employment: firms deciding how and where”, Applied economics, vol. 44 (8), pp. 1009-1020
  • Zafrilla, J.E., López, L.A., Cadarso, M.A. and Dejuán, O. (2012): “Fulfilling Kyoto Protocol in Spain: A matter or Economic Crisis or Environmental Policies?”, Energy Policy, vol. 51, pp. 708-719
  • López, L.A., López, J. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2011): “Fragmentación, offshoring y vertebración de la economía española”, Revista de Economía, ICE, Vol. 859, pp. 141-161
  • López, L.A., Monsalve, F. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2011): “Análisis Input-Output de la eficacia de la Política Europea de Desarrollo Rural 2007-2013. Propuesta metodológica y resultados para Castilla-La Mancha”, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Vol. 29-1, pages: 1-24
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2010): “CO2 emissions of international freight transport and offshoring: measurement and allocation”, Ecological Economics, 69, 1682-1694
  • Cadarso, M.A., Gómez, N. López, L.A., Tobarra, M.A. and Zafrilla, J.E. (2010): “Emisiones de CO2 Asociadas al transporte de turistas en la economía española”, in “Investigaciones, métodos y análisis del turismo”, pages 255-267, Universitas, Oviedo
  • Calderón, M.J.; Gómez, N.; López, L.A. y Tobarra, M.A. (2009): “Patentes, proximidad tecnológica y empleo industrial en Castilla-La Mancha”, Revista de Estudios Regionales, vol. 85, pp. 197-219
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2009): “Deslocalización a nivel regional: El caso de la industria y los servicios en la Comunidad de Madrid”, Papeles de Europa, 18, pp. 93-120
  • López, L. A. (2009): “Tradición y modernidad de la industria de Castilla-La Mancha: Un estudio sistémico a partir de la tabla input-output regional”, Economía Industrial, pp- 33-44
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2009): “El offshoring como práctica para mejorar los resultados empresariales. Cambio técnico versus sustitución de inputs en la industria española”, Economía Industrial, 373, pp. 33-43
  • Cadarso, M.A.; Gómez, N.; López, L.A. and Tobarra, M.A. (2008): “The EU enlargement and the impact of outsourcing on industrial employment in Spain, 1993-2003”, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 19 (1), pp. 95-108
  • Cadarso, M. A.; Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2008): “Especialización vertical en la industria y los servicios: convergencia en la Unión Europea”, Revista de Estudios Empresariales, 1, pp. 65-87
  • Gómez, N.; López, L.A. and Tobarra, M.A. (2008): “Efectos de la difusión de las TIC sobre la eficiencia de las diferentes actividades productivas en la economía española”, in Banegas, J. and Myro, R. (eds) El impacto de las TIC en la economía española, Thomson-Civitas, pp. 129-163.
  • Cadarso, M. A.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2007): “Especialización vertical, outsourcing e inversión directa en la industria española”, Revista de Economía Mundial, 16, pp. 27-55
  • Cadarso, M.A.; Gómez, N.; López, L.A. and Tobarra, M.A. (2007): “Spanish industrial employment, vertical specialisation and outsourcing to the EU candidates”, en Vahtra y Pelto (ed.). The future competitiveness of the EU and its eastern neighbours, Pan-European Institute, Turku (Finland).
  • Gómez, N.; López, L. A. and Tobarra, M. A. (2006): “Pautas de deslocalización de la industria española en el entorno europeo (1995-2000): la competencia de los países de bajos salarios”, Boletín Económico de Información Comercial Española, 2884, pp. 25-42
  • Gómez, N.; López, L.A. and Tobarra, M.A. (2006): “Difusión y absorción de TIC en la industria española”, Economía Industrial, vol. 360, pp. 117-130
  • Dejuán, O., López, L. A. (2004): “Cambio técnico y cambio ocupacional en la economía española (1980-2000)”, Cuadernos de Economía: Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, pp. 3-31


Bachelor´s Degrees

  • Principles of Economics
  • Advanced Macroeconomics
  • Applications and Methods of Micro and Macroeconomics

Master´s Degrees – Master in Growth and Sustainable Development

  • Neoclassical Models of Endogenous Growth