+34 902 204 100 ext. 3615 ó 90325 (dirección ITQUIMA) itquima@uclm.es

Laboratory of Residues and Soils

The laboratory of solid waste and polluted soil has as main objectives:

  • to conduct research in the field of waste treatment and remediation of polluted soil in order to help advance the understanding of this environmental problem.
  • to offer technological solutions to the problems related to the management of solid waste, sludge and polluted soils, in the form of management studies, analysis and characterization of waste and soils, and treatability studies.

Professors and PhD students belong to the Chemical Engineering Department of UCLM, including ITQUIMA and other research centres or faculties in UCLM.


Affiliated to ITQUIMA

Dr. José Villaseñor Camacho, Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dr. Francisco Jesús Fernández Morales, Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering


Affiliated to other centres

Dr. Manuel Andrés Rodrigo Rodrigo. Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dr. Pablo Cañizares Cañizares. Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dr. Luis Rodríguez Romero, Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dra. Cristina Sáez Jiménez. Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dra. Carmen María Fernández Marchante. Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering.

Dª. Silvia Barba Piedrabuena. PhD student.

Dª. Mireya Carvela Soler. Researcher.


Dr. José Villaseñor Camacho: jose.villasenor@uclm.es



(+34) 902 204 100 – 6358,
(+34) 902 204 100 – 96315



Laboratorio de Residuos Sólidos y Suelos Contaminados
Instituto de Tecnología Química y Medioambiental (ITQUIMA)
Avda. Camilo José Cela s/n
Campus Universitario
13005, Ciudad Real (España)


This laboratory offers external services about research activities, focused on treatability studies of solid waste, sludge and polluted soils, and also consultancy services related to the environmental friendly management of this kind of materials.


  • Bioremediation
  • Electroremediation
  • Chemical treatment
  • Aerobic and anaerobic biotreatability
  • Toxicity (EC50)
  • Biological stability of compost and biowaste-derived fertilizers
  • Leaching tests.



  • Moisture
  • Dry mass
  • Organic matter
  • Porosity
  • Texture
  • Total C
  • Total N
  • Total P
  • Metals in soil and solid waste
  • Heterotrophic population (CFU)
  • Identification of microbial species
  • Total hydrocarbons and another organic pollutants in soil and solid waste

Gas cromatography/ mass spectrometer


Ion Cromatography

Total Organic Carbon TOC


UV-Vis Photometer

MALDI TOF Mass Spectrometer

  1. Barba S, Villaseñor J, Rodrigo MA, Cañizares P (2017) Effect of the polarity reversal frequency in the electrokinetic-biological remediation of oxyfluorfen polluted soil. Chemosphere 177:120-127.

  2. Mena E, Villaseñor J, Cañizares P, Rodrigo M (2016) Influence of electric field on the remediation of polluted soil using a biobarrier assisted electro-bioremediation process. Electrochim Acta 190:294-304.

  3. Mena E, Villaseñor J, Cañizares P, Rodrigo MA (2016) Effect of electric field on the performance of soil electro-bioremediation with a periodic polarity reversal strategy. Chemosphere 146:300-307.

  4. Ramírez, E.M., Camacho, J.V., Rodrigo, M.A., Cañizares, P., 2015. Combination of bioremediation and electrokinetics for the in-situ treatment of diesel polluted soil: a comparison of strategies. Sci. Total Environ. 533, 307-316.

  5. Ruiz C, Mena E, Cañizares P, Villaseñor J, Rodrigo MA (2013) Removal of 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol from spiked clay soils by electrokinetic soil flushing assisted with granular activated carbon permeable reactive barrier. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:840-846.

  6. Moliterni E, Jiménez-Tusset R, Rayo MV, Rodriguez L, Fernández F, Villasenor J (2012) Kinetics of biodegradation of diesel fuel by enriched microbial consortia from polluted soils. Int J Environ Sci Technol 9:749-758.


The aim of this research line is to study in-situ treatments for the remediation of polluted soils trough the combination of biological technology (commonly named as bioremediation) and electrokinetics. The fundamentals of this technology are that electrokinetic transport processes into the soil, because of the application of a low voltage direct electric current, allow the mobility of water, pollutants, microorganisms and nutrients into the soil, and thus activating and improving the in-situ bioremediation process. The final objective of this technology is to be applied in reals situations such as the pollution caused by breaks of underground fuel storage deposits or pipes, that is very usual for instance in oil refineries or petrol stations. Some studies have been performed and published about electrobioremediation of Diesel hydrocarbons in soil (2010-2015) and currently it is under study the electrobioremediation of organochlorinated compounds such as herbicides. There are also some technological options under study, such as “biostimulation” (that is electrobiormediation where the soil already contains specialized native microorganisms for pollutant biodegradation) or “bioaugmentation” (that is, using external microorganisms added to the soil trough biological biobarriers). The conceptual summaries of such technologies are included in the following figures.

Concept of electrobioremediation of polluted soil trough “biostimulation”

Concept of electrobioremediation of polluted soil trough “bioaugmentation” using biological barriers

Lab scale devices for electrobioremediation of polluted soil

This research line is included in research projects developed by TEQUIMA Group in UCLM. It is helped by economical support from the Spanish National Research Programme (CTM2006-03314/TECNO, CTM2010-18833, CTM2013-46512-R). Currently there is a Doctoral Thesis under development and collaborations with the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, en Lepizig (Germany).